Österreichisches VolksLiedWerk
Volksmusikland Österreich

The fact that the Laendler exists in thousands of manuscripts by various musicians demonstrates its popularity. A Laendler comprises four, eight, sixteen beat, highly intricate structures in ¾ time. Its stylistic characteristics as the Steirer (Styrian), Landler and Schuhplattler make it the musical epitome of the "musica alpine".
A variety of often complex choreographic styles as regionally different couple and group dances emphasise the uniqueness of the Laendler. They include "Paschen" and "Stampfen" (Stamping), accompanied by Gstanzln.
In the decades around 1800, the Laendler was an important part of the dancing repertoire of the cities. We see the Laendler in the early romantic period and in the later styles of occidental classical music - from piano pieces by Franz Schubert through to Gustav Mahler's symphonies in which it appears as a designation of tempo and as in satirical form.

As regards the melody, "Weana Tanz" (Viennese Dances), which are either performance pieces or dancing movements, and the "Schleunige" all belong to the Laendler family. Schleunige are also referred to in German as Pfannhauser, Trapperl, or Almerischer. There are also similarities to sword and grenadier dancing.