Österreichisches VolksLiedWerk
Volksmusikland Österreich

Due to industrialisation, upheaval in social standings, the migration this entailed, and the people's enthusiasm for folk songs, the homeland song became popular in around 1830.

Viewed from a remote location, the homeland is described and praised in a sentimental way, often involving clichés and kitschy descriptions. Texts and melodies often provoke an emotional effect. Many homeland songs were written by composers and local authors and were popularised by school song books and choirs. The best known examples are anthems that exalt countries and their acts, and provide a sense of identity.

Parallel to the classic homeland song, many other folk songs refer to the environment and nature, especially in Alpen, hunting or poaching songs.